Police Reforms in Pakistan

Police Reforms in Pakistan

Background: Why Police Reforms?

  • Deteriorating public safety situation
  • Widespread corruption
  • Human rights violations
  • Political victimization
  • Weak accountability
  • Inadequate availability of resources
    • Inefficient utilization of resources
  • Outdated legal and institutional framework

Political Context

  • Growing Demand
    • From within police
    • Civil society pressure
  • Serious Law and Order Challenges
    • Balochistan
    • NWFP
    • Increased International Interest
    • ADB support for access to Justice project
    • Support for counter-terrorism
  • Military Govt.’s Struggle for Legitimacy

Police Order 2002 (I)

  • Goal – a professional, service oriented and democratically accountable police service
  • Duties and Responsibilities Clearly Defined
  • Public Oversight Bodies Established
    • National Public Safety Commission
    • Provincial Public Safety & Police Complaints Commission
    • District Public Safety and Police Complaints Commission

Implementation Challenges (I)

  • Public Safety Commissions not Functional or Effective
    • Delayed establishment
    • Non-cooperative police officers
    • Limited capacity
    • Limited public trust
  • Separation of Investigation from Watch & Ward
    • Resistance by Distt. Police Officers
    • Rivalry
    • Under-resourced investigation branch
    • People have to deal with more officers

New Legal Framework

  • Office of Deputy Commissioner Abolished
  • Local Government Ordinance 2001
  • Police Order 2002

Local Government Ordinance 2001

  • Powers and Responsibilities Devolved to:
    • District governments – (Distt. Nazim)
    • Tehsil/ Town Municipal Administration (Tehsil/ Town Nazim)
    • Union Administration (Union Nazim)
  • Role of District Nazim in Law and Order
  • Union Public Safety Committees (UPSCs)

Police Order 2002 (II)

  • Mechanisms aimed at Insulating Police Service against Political Interference
  • Separation of Investigation from Watch & Ward
  • Role of District Govt. vis-à-vis Police:
    • Watch and ward/ law and order
    • Distt. Nazim writes a part of the ‘performance evaluation’ report of Distt. Police Officer
    • Distt. Council elects one-third members for District Public Safety and Police Complaints Commission
    • Oversight by Union Public Safety Committees
  • Annual Policing Plan

Way Forward

  • Ownership by political parties / provincial governments
  • Capacity Building of Members of Public Safety Commissions
  • Oversight by Parliamentary Committees
  • Stronger Civil Society Engagement
  • Transparency/ Public Information System